Museum the New Llano Colony

Winfield R. "Win" Gaylord


Family Information: Married to Olive Gaylord.

Father of Oliver and Elsa Helen Gaylord.  


Pre-Colony History: In July 1913 his story, "Organizing the Capacity of Self-Control," was published in the "Western Democrat."

In 1917 at an Emergency Convention called by the Socialist Party, he was selected to serve on the "Constitution" committee. At the same convention, colony founder Job Harriman, along with future colonist, Kate Richards O'Hare, were selected to serve on the "War and Militarism" committee.

He arrived at the colony in April 1930 -- he was known to thousands throughout the nation as a speaker, a legislator from Wisconsin and a newspaper man with a background of radical thought for many years.

Soon after his arrival it was reported that "Mr. Gaylord, a newcomer to the colony, furnished some amusement to the boys in the know when he asked for a job on the wood crew, as the gentleman in question stated that he had not done any hard work for some time. We opine that the forms of exercise used in the Wisconsin State Senate and on Llano's extremely efficient wood crew are marvelously different."  

Home in Colony:  

Job in Colony: In July 1932 he and Mrs. Young were giving private music lessons. In October of that year he was teaching vocal music and notation in the colony schools. Other instructors that year were: Harry Clay Weatherwax, Dwight Ayres, Miss Elsa Gaylord, Mr. Danner and Miss Josephine Glavincheff.

In December 1932 he was working in the General Manager's office.

Near the end of the month, a rabbit council of war was held on the porch of the office building and all the rabbit experts were present. The Chinchilla rabbits had recently been moved to the Hoag Ranch. Gaylord (who'd had all of 200 Chins in a private rabbitry in Oregon), Warren Hoag, Baldy, and Bert Moore (who'd had his own rabbitry and had cared for the more than 7,000 rabbits at the Llano del Rio colony in California) engaged in solemn council. There'd been a day when rabbit breeding was a marketable commodity; and rabbit meat brought 30 cents a pound, dressed. But them days [we]re gone forever. The cows and mules had first call on the peanut hay, corn and other good fodder and the alfalfa experiment in Llano had not worked out so well. To buy feed for rabbits was voted not a paying business. And so, the axe was voted to be the best method of solving the problem of feeding rabbits.

In June 1933 he and Baldy were straightening out some deeds to land which the colony had recently sold. While in Llano, Comrade Gaylord was closely linked with the affairs of the colony. He carried on a large amount of the colony correspondence, compiled Llano's history, and was ever on the alert to cinch any good deal for Llano. He also wrote the diary on Mondays and Tuesdays. His leaving puts an extra heavy work program on the shoulders of his capable daughter, Elsa, but she was bearing up well under the load resulting in her promotion.  

Other Info: In May 1932 he was put in charge of arranging glee clubs, and other musical groups that could be called upon to perform for events. Later that month it was reported that progress was being made with the chorus -- "when 2 different numbers -- Swanee River and Massa's in the Cold, Cold Ground -- were sung at the same time by the four parts, the result was decidedly pleasing."

He was part of the mixed quartet, the Llano Four, composed of Dr. Williams on the upper end; Anita Brannon and Mary Roe; and Comrade Gaylord on the lower end.

In October 1932 he was put in charge of the colony's booth at the Vernon Parish fair. In November the entire Gaylord family participated in an "unsnarling" jamboree where colonists volunteered to wash and pull all the snarls from several sacks of wool that had come up from the Rice Ranch, which could then be carded and spun into yarn before being made into socks and sweaters for the colonists.

In December 1932 it was decided (by Gaylord, DeBoer, Chet Page, and Doc Williams) that Comrade Archer who was an expert on the piano, would take over on that instrument for theater performances and Bill DeBoer would take up the bass viol or clarinet in the orchestra; however, Bill would continue to play the piano for the dances while Archer played the sax or violin.

At one of the Psychology meetings near the end of the month, he spoke about what he'd discovered while digging into the history of the colony -- when Pickett had first taken over, there was only a sawmill here, but over the years, there had been many fine buildings and many new industries added. "Yet some people would have you believe there'd been no progress here. [He called} attention to the claim that some people made that under a different management there would be a surplus and plenty, in fact riches, in the colony treasury. This, he said, was not the intention of the colony. Were this the aim, long since would the organization have been closed and no effort made to expand or take in new members or propogate the idea of integral co-operation."  

Post-Colony History: In September 1933 he went to Washington DC to battle for the United Communities Bill, No. 1142 and where he would continue his former work with Chester M. Wright for the American Federation of Labor.  


Sources: "Western Comrade": June 1913; "Northwest Worker": April 26, 1917; "Llano Colonist": April 30, 1932, May 7, 1932, May 28, 1932, June 4, 1932, June 18, 1932, July 16, 1932, July 30, 1932, August 6, 1932, August 13, 1932, August 20, 1932, October 15, 1932, October 29, 1932, November 12, 1932, November 19, 1932, December 3, 1932, December 10, 1932, December 24, 1932, December 31, 1932, January 14, 1933, January 21, 1933, January 28, 1933, February 4, 1933, February 18, 1933, February 25, 1933, April 29, 1933, May 6, 1933, May 13, 1933, May 20, 1933, May 27, 1933, June 3, 1933, June 24, 1933, July 8, 1933, July 22, 1933, August 5, 1933, September 9, 1933, December 23, 1933, May 12, 1934, May 19, 1934, July 14, 1934, August 11, 1934, January 11, 1936, January 4, 1936, January 18, 1936, February 29, 1936, June 6, 1936, August 15, 1936, October 12, 1944  


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